Kidney stones;Risk factors and complications


The complications of Kidney stones are as follows;

  • recurring kidney stones, since people who have had kidney stones at least once, have 80 % chance of getting them again.
  • obstruction or blockage in the urinary tract
  • kidney failure
  • sepsis, which can occur after the treatment of a large kidney stone
  • an injury to the ureter while undergoing a surgery for the removal of the kidney stone
  • urinary tract infection
  • severe pain
  • heavy bleeding during kidney stones operation

Risk factors:

Some people are at a higher risk of developing kidney stones. They include:

  • people who do not drink enough water everyday (around 8 glasses per day)
  • people with a family history of kidney stones
  • people bed-bound due to illness
  • people who lead a sedentary lifestyle
  • people suffering from obesity
  • people suffering from frequent urinary and kidney infections
  • people who eat a high-protein diet and low-fibre diet
  • people who consume of excessive sodium (salt)
  • People with active medical conditions such as Crohn’s disease , gout, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney, type 2 diabetes, and Dent’s disease
  • people who excessively consume supplements such as calcium and vitamin C

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