Macular hole

Macular hole is a small hole in macula located in eye’s light sensitive tissue called the retina.Macula provides sharp central vision we need for reading,driving,seeing fine details.

Macular holes can occur due to;

  • Vitreous shrinkage
  • Diabetic eye disease
  • Myopia
  • Macular punker
  • Detached retina
  • Eye injury
  • Best’s disease(an inherited condition causing macular damage)

Shrinkage of vitreous humour or separation of retina:

The back of eye is filled with thick gel like material called vitreous humour.The clear vitreous shrinks and become more liquid with aging.

Sometimes the shrinkage can tear off a small piece of retina,causing a hole.If this missing piece is in macula,it is called as macular hole.


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